6. Jack Corley dan Thomas Philip. (2000) 4.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.      Tap MPR No
II Tahun 1978

5.      Jack Corley
dan Thomas Philip. (2000)

4.      Undang-Undang Dasar 1945, BAB XIII, Pasal 31 ayat (1)

3.      Nurul
Choiriyah(2010), Peran Pancasila Dalam Pendidikan di Indonesia. Retrieved from http://dhechoiriyah-nurul.blogspot.co.id/2012/05/peran-pancasila-dalam-pendidikan-dan.html

2.      Rukiyati,
M.Hum., dkk. 2008. Pendidikan Pancasila.Yogyakarta: UNY press, retrieved
from http://sarmagkadek.blogspot.com/2010/08/peranan-pancasila-dalam-kehidupan.html

1.      Indonesian
International Education Foundation for the U.S. Agency for International
Development (USAID)(2013). Flashback world of education in Indonesia. Retrieved
from http://www.prestasi-iief.org/index.php/id/feature/68-kilas-balik-dunia-pendidikan-di-indonesia

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2 Suggestions
Efforts that can be done to improve the quality of education, namely:
1) Improving Education Budget
2) Management of education management
3) Free the school from business atmosphere
4) Improved curriculum
5) Religious education
6) Education that trains critical awareness
7) Teacher empowerment
8) Improving teachers’ welfare
9) Expansion and equity of opportunities for education

Humanity that intertwines:
a. That is not discriminatory
b. The attention to the students is weak, poor, small
c. Who value every human person as a valuable person, as a subject and not an
object.

 

And the value that can be obtained from the value of
Pancasila in the world of education, among others, as follows:

•Deity:
a. Confessing God, giving people citizens the freedom to do their worship.
b. The educational system is tolerant, accepting anyone, without any discrimination.
c. Multicultural, accept differences, unite in distinction

 Factors
that cause education problems:
1. Lack of access to other basic living needs (health, education, sanitation,
clean water and transportation).
2. The absence of future guarantees (due to the absence of investment for
education and family).
3. Vulnerability to individual and mass shocks.
4. Low quality of human resources and limited natural resources.
5. Lack of appreciation in social activities of society.
6. Lack of access to sustainable employment and livelihoods.
7. Inability to strive for physical or mental disability.
8. Social disability and dependence (abandoned children, women victims of
domestic violence, poor widows, marginal and remote groups)

Education is the process of changing the attitude and behavior
of a person or group of people in an effort to mature human beings through the
efforts of teaching and training. quality education is the implementation of education in
an institution, until where education in the institution has achieved a success.
Inability to meet basic consumption needs (clothing, food and boards).

3.1 Conclusion

CHAPTER III CLOSING

 

 

5.      “The government advances science and technology by
upholding the values of religion and national unity for the advancement of
civilization and human welfare”.

4.      “The State shall prioritize the education budget at
least 20% of the State Revenue and Expenditure Budget and the Regional Revenue
and Expenditure Budget”.

3.      “The government seeks and organizes a national
education system”

2.      “Every citizen is obliged to follow basic education
and the government is obliged to finance it”.

1.      “Every citizen shall have the right to
education”.

So
that every Indonesian citizen can get an education as stated in the 1945
Constitution Article 31 paragraphs 1 to 5, which reads:

 

With the development of the times, the development of
technology and science increasingly can not be controlled as well.
Education is the most important thing that every parent
should be aware of, so that their children become children who can compete with
the current environment. But sometimes economic problems become an obstacle for
parents to send their children to school. In this case, the
role of government is needed.

4.
Social justice
for all the people of Indonesia

The value contained in the precepts of Indonesian Unity
can not be separated with the other four precepts because all the precepts
constitute a systematic entity. The value of this unity is developed from the
experience of the Indonesian nation’s history of fate.
The value of unity is driven to achieve a free nationhood
life in an independent and sovereign state.
“Unity of Indonesia” should serve as the basis
of unity among intellectuals and should always be applied in the educational
environment.

3.
The Unity Of
Indonesia

The national education system should be able to provide
basic education for every citizen of the Republic of Indonesia,
for each to gain at least basic knowledge and ability,
which includes the ability to read, write and count and
use the Indonesian language, which is required by every citizen to be able to
participate in the life of society, nation and state.
It is hoped that every citizen knows his / her rights and
obligations as a citizen and has the ability to fulfill his / her own needs, to
participate in meeting the needs of the community, and to strengthen the unity
and the defense of the state.

2. Precepts of Just
and Civilized Humanity

The role of the first precepts with the world of
education is closely related. In teaching and learning activities students will
be taught a wide range of knowledge ranging from Pancasila. Because the school as one means for self-development.
Because the school as one means for self-development.
Therefore, the balance between world education and
religion is very meaningful in every human life.

1. Precepts of
Belief in the One and Only

2.5 Education with Pancasila world

 

So with the solutions are expected education in Indonesia
can rise from the downturn, so as to create new generations of high-HR.
Pancasila personality, dignified and become the desire of
every human being. For that we need understanding, mastery, awareness, and
spirit to do good on an ongoing basis. In order to give a touch to the human beings as expected
by our nation and country. So with the solutions are expected education in Indonesia
can rise from the downturn, so as to create new generations of pancasila and
dignified personality.

6)     
Education
that trains critical awareness
A critical and tolerant attitude will stimulate the growth of social
sensitivity and sense of justice. It is therefore expected to address the
social, cultural, political, and economic problems of this nation.

5)     
Religious
education
Religious education at school is not as the delivery of dogma or knowledge of
one particular religion to the students but as internationalization of the
values of kindness, humility, love and so on.

4)     
Improved
curriculum
Preparation of the curriculum should consider all the potential nature, human
resources and facilities and infrastructure that exist.

3)     
Free
the school from business atmosphere
School is not a business field for Education Office officials, principals,
teachers or private companies. But the school is a place to educate the nation.

2)     
Management
of education management
A good education management should pay attention to the professionalism and
creativity of education providers

1)     
Improving
Education Budget
The government is responsible to bear the cost of education for its citizens,
both for public and private schools.

Solutions to technical problems are returned to practical
efforts to improve the quality of the education system.
The low quality of teachers, for example, in addition to
being given solutions to improve welfare, also given the solution by financing the teacher proceed
to higher education level, and provide
training to improve teacher quality.
The low achievement
of students, for example, is given a solution by improving the quality and
quantity of the subject matter, improving the teaching aids and educational
tools, and so on. Or more clearly we can describe the efforts that can be done to improve the
quality of education, namely:

2.4 Solution

Still just concern or less attention from the government.
Especially about educational facilities in areas that are less visible, either
educational facilities or infrastructure. We still see and hear the news that there is still a
school building which is the most important place for children to seek
knowledge is not feasible to use. Speaking of education in Indonesia, will not be separated
from the thinking about the education crisis caused by the global economic
crisis that occurred. The soaring cost of education makes children with
unfavorable economic circumstances less fortunate because they have to drop out
of school and work to help with the work of parents.
This is a big problem facing Indonesia, because with the
increasingly rampant education crisis will make Indonesia increasingly
underestimated by other countries.  The
number of children who are not in school will make the Human Resources (HR) in
Indonesia increasingly lagging far in quality with other developed countries,
especially with the opening of the Asean Economic
Community (MEA) program, making us especially Indonesian citizens should be
able to compete with the workers from outside.
It is increasingly making us as students to continue to
contribute, leading the minds of the public to continue working in order to
realize good governance, with real work we can build Indonesia for the better.
The Government of Indonesia has tried to improve the
quality of education with various policies made, but it has not been able to
improve the quality of education in Indonesia.
Although not yet able to increase well, but little by
little the quality of education in Indonesia will increase if the government
runs its policies as truthfully and seriously as possible without any
deviation. The government and the nation’s children must work together to find
solutions and solve problems in education now. The nation’s children must also help the government to
carry out various policies issued by the government.

If we look at this time, Indonesia’s education condition
is still concerning, especially regarding education facilities in the regions,
both facilities and educational infrastructure. There is still news that there is
a school building that is not feasible to use. For example, as DARE was
preached on Friday (30/4). Reported that there are still about 2,000 classrooms in
Indramayu District, West Java, in a state of concern.
Even the classroom conditions are not suitable for
teaching and learning process. Not only that, there are also areas that are short of
teachers to teach.

2.3 Condition of Education in Indonesia

 

6.      Lack of appreciation in social activities of society.

5.      Low quality of human resources and limited natural
resources.

4.     
Vulnerability to individual and mass shocks.

3.      The absence of future guarantees (due to the absence of
investment for education and family).

2.      Lack of access to other basic living needs (health,
education, sanitation, clean water and transportation).

1.      Inability to meet basic consumption needs (clothing, food
and boards).

According to poverty indicators, as quoted from the
Central Statistics Agency, among others as follows
:

Quality education
is expensive. This sentence often appears to justify the high cost that
must be spent by society to get education.
The high cost of education from Kindergarten (TK) to
Higher Education (PT) makes the poor have no choice but to stay away from
school. Poor people are not allowed to go to school. Quality education is unlikely
to be cheap, or rather, not necessarily cheap or free. It is the government
that is obliged to ensure that every citizen receives education and ensures
access of the lower society to obtain quality education.
However, the reality is that the Government wants to
argue from responsibility. Whereas the limited funds can not be used as an excuse
for the Government to wash hands.

5.     
The
High Cost Of Education

It can be seen from the number of unemployed graduates.
every year about 3 million children drop out and do not
have life skills, causing problems of their own employment.
The existence of inconsistency between educational
outcomes and the needs of the world of work is due to the less material-less
learning curriculum of the skills required when learners enter the workforce.

4.     
The
Low Relevance of Education

The low welfare of teachers has a role in lowering the
quality of Indonesian education. With low incomes, it is clear that many teachers are
forced to do side jobs. Some teach again at other schools, tutoring in the afternoon, becoming
motorcycle taxi drivers, Traders of noodles, booksellers / LKS, mobile merchants,
and so on. With the Law on Teachers and Lecturers, perhaps the welfare of teachers and
lecturers (PNS) is rather tolerable.

3.     
The
Low of Teacher Welfare

The situation of teachers in Indonesia is also very
alarming. Most teachers do not yet have adequate professionalism to carry out their
duties in article 39 of Law No. 20/2003. namely learning,
learning, assessing learning outcomes, conducting mentoring,
conducting training, conducting research and doing community service.
Although the number of teachers in Indonesia is quite
adequate,
but the quality of teachers in this country, in general,
is still low. In
general, teachers in Indonesia are less able to function optimally,
because the government is still not paying attention to
them, especially in an effort to improve professionalism.

2.     
Low
Quality of Teachers

For physical facilities, for example, many of our schools
and colleges are damaged, ownership and use of low-learning media, library
books are incomplete. While laboratories are not standard, the use of
information technology is inadequate and so on.
In fact there are still many schools that do not have
their own building, no library, no laboratory and so on.

1.     
Low quality of physical facilities
 

There are two factors that affect the quality of education,
especially in Indonesia, among others, internal factors and external factors.
Internal factors include the ranks of the world of
education be it the Ministry of National Education, the Regional Education
Department and also the frontline school. External factors are society in general, where society is
an icon of education and is the goal of education as object of education
itself. Many factors that cause the quality of education in Indonesia is getting
worse, such as :

2.2 Factors that affect the quality of education

Meanwhile, the word quality
can be interpreted by increasing the level to an improvement or establishment,
containing the meaning of the weight or the height of something.
So, the definition of quality
education is the implementation of education in an institution, until where
education in the institution has achieved a success.

Basically the definition of education according to UU
SISDIKNAS No. 20 Year 2003 is a conscious and well-planned effort to create an
atmosphere of learning and learning process so that learners actively develop
their potential to have the spiritual power of religion, self-control,
personality that is needed by him and society.
In the language of definition, education is the process
of changing the attitude and behavior of a person or group of people in an
effort to mature humans through the efforts of teaching and training.

According to Kamus
Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI),
the word education
comes from the word educate and get affixes and ending an, which means that
process or way or act educate.

2.1 Definition of Education

CHAPTER II DISCUSSION

 

Benefits
Writing that can be taken from the making of this paper, the authors can
understand and know about the problems of education in the world as well as in
Indonesia itself and trying to transfer as much information in providing
solutions and ideas in dealing with education issues for the realization of
quality and sustainable education.

1.4 The Benefits of Writing

 

The purpose of this writing is to meet / complete the
final task of general subjects TPB (Stages Preparation Together) at Padjadjaran
University, Jatinangor 2017.

1.3  Writing Purpose

 

5.      What and how is education when viewed from the
perspective of Pancasila and Citizenship?

4.     
How to handle the education problem?

3.      What is the condition of education in Indonesia?

2.      What are the factors that hinder quality education?

1.     
What is quality education?

The formulation of the problem in this paper include:

1.2 
Formulation
Of The Problem

 

Achieving quality and inclusive education for all
reaffirms the belief that education is one of the most powerful and proven
tools for sustainable development. This goal ensures that all girls and boys can complete
free and secondary education by 2030. In addition, this goal also targets providing access to
affordable vocational training, as well as eliminating gender and wealth gaps,
in order to achieve universal access to quality higher education.
Quality education is one of 17 Global Goals compiled in
the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. And an integrated approach is
essential for progress across goals.

Since 2000, progress in universal basic education targets
has been so great. Participation rates in developing regions reached 91 percent
by 2015, and the number of school dropouts worldwide declined by half.
The literacy rate has increased dramatically, and the
number of girls who have received education has never been as high as it is now.
All this is a tremendous success . But this progress is not without challenges in developing regions due to
poverty, conflict and other emergency. In West Asia and North Africa, the ongoing armed conflict
has resulted in an increasing number of school dropouts.
This is an
alarming trend. While sub-Saharan Africa has made the most progress in
primary education among other developing regions-from 52 percent in 1990, up to
78 percent in 2012-another gap still occurs.
Children from the poorest families are four times more
likely to drop out than those from families.
And the gap between rural and urban areas is still high.

Education is a sector that determines the quality of a
nation.
Failure of education implies the failure of a nation, the
success of education also automatically brings the success of a nation.
In the world of education, which follows it’s attention
to elements of education, which is important: learners, educators, software,
management, facilities and infrastructure.The assets needed in education are
qualified human resources. Quality resources can be from students, communities, as
well as from educators. School as an institution (institution) education which is
a place where the educational process is done, has a complex system and
dynamic. School activities are not just a gathering place for teachers and students,
but schools are in a complex and interconnected system. School is therefore
seen as an organization that requires management.
This school activity is to manage Human Resources (HR)
which is expected to produce quality graduates with the needs of the community.
So that the graduate school is expected to contribute to
the development of the nation. So schools as educational institutions that are expected
to improve the quality of human resources and improve the social status of the
people of the nation needs to be managed, regulated, noted, and empowered in
order to produce products or results optimally. In other words, the school as an institution where the
providers of education is a system that has a variety of tools and elements
that are interconnected and require empowerment.

1.1  Background

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

 

 

 

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY
…………………………………………………………………………………………..14

3.2 Suggestion
…………………………………………………………………………………….13

3.1 Conclusion
……………………………………………………………………………………12,13

CHAPTER
III CLOSING
……………………………………………………………………………….12

2.5 Education with
Pancasila world
………………………………………………………… 10,11

2.4 Solution ……………………………………………………………………………………….8,9

2.3
Condition of
Education in Indonesia       ……………………………………………7,8

2.2 Factors that affect the quality of education………………………………………. 5,6,7

2.1 Definition of
Education
…………………………………………………………………. 5

CHAPTER II DISCUSSION
…………………………………………………………………………
5

1.4  The
Benefits of Writing
………………………………………………………………… 4

1.3  Writing
Purpose
…………………………………………………………………………..
4

1.2  Formulation Of The
Problem
………………………………………………………….. 4

1.1  Background
…………………………………………………………………………………
3,4

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
…………………………………………………………………….
3

TABLE
OF CONTENTS
……………………………………………………………………………….
2

FOREWORD             ………………………………………………………………………………      1

 

TABLE OF
CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                        Serina. J. M. Mahakena

 

 

 

                                                                                    Jatinangor,
20 November 2017

 

 

Thankyou
for the attention.

I realize in the process, this paper is still far in
perfection. Therefore, all the criticisms and suggestions that are needed to
correct the deficiencies are not repeated.

Acknowledgments the authors convey to all parties who
have helped directly or indirectly so that this paper can be completed as
expected.

Praise the presence of God because of the blessings and
grace of my author as I am able to finish the paper as intended in the lecture
Stages Preparation Together (TPB) Padjadjaran University is well and finished
on time.

FOREWORD

 

PADJADJARAN
UNIVERSITY
JATINANGOR,
2017

 
 
TPB 26 AMPHITEATER
BUILDING 4 (FAPET)
FACULTY    :           GEOLOGICAL
ENGINEERING
NPM               :           270110177027
NAME
           :           SERINA JOICE MARTHA MAHAKENA
 
Arranged by :