Abstract are 3,288 marine fishing villages. The total

Abstract – Right from the 90’s, Tamil   Naudu
has been facing the problem of border sharing among India and Sri Lanka. Though
Government has taken this problem in concern and borders have been shared
officially, fishermen of either side are suffering from serious problems
knowingly or unknowingly. This projects comes up with idea of building up a
mobile application that can help out fishermen which enable them to watch out
their location in sea and connecting various fishermen communities through a
social media which would dramatically strengthen fishermen community towards juristically
approaches. This also allow them to make a step towards or survive Digital
Emerging India

 

I.        
INTRODUCTION

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Ever since the India-Sri Lanka maritime border have been
created, the problems of fishermen capture has been taking place. On the basis
of census 2014, there are 3,288 marine fishing villages. The total Marine
fisher folk population was about 4 million comprising in 864,550 families in
Tamilnadu. Those which 38% marine fisher folk were engaged in active fishing
with 85% of them having full time engagement and 63.6% of the fisher folk were
engaged in fishing activities. The problem lies in the fact that India and Sri
Lanka share a 400km maritime border. The Tamil Nadu factor in India-Sri Lanka
maritime border issue has been for past few years. Incidents happen frequently
whenever the fishermen from Tamil Nadu are getting shot dead at The Sri
Lankan’s maritime boundary. Aout 25,000 boats from Tamilnadu has involved in
conducting fishing along the India-Sri Laka maritime border. Since then the
fishing activity is not being done peaceful. Tamil Nadu fishermen are arrested,
or shot, by the Sri Lankan Navy. Hence this border crossing issue leads to loss
in the both humans as well as theireconomic incomes. To develop the
effectivetool to provide the safe navigation system through waterways is vital
thing global. The branch of autonomous deals with the navigation technology
thus provides the information about exact position of fessels in open sea,
there by the fisher men can identify whether they are inside the border or not.

Though State and Central Government has took many measures in
saving fishermen in sea such as DAT1 etc.,

India-Sri Lanka Maritime Border

It has evolved since 1974
along the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar where fishermen has full freedom
to fish within their territories

 

 

The problems of Indian and
Sri Lankan fishermen in the Palk Bay appear everlasting. The attributable
causes are the instances of Indian fishermen being prevented from fishing,
facing harassment and arrest by the Sri Lankan Navy (SLN), and also the nearly
200 deaths resulting from SLA operations involving interdictions and firings on
suspicion of the Indian trawlers aiding LTTE and gun running while fishing in
the area, as reported over the past decade. However, nothing substantive has
emerged till date, in terms of a consensus on evolving a framework of response
from the Indian side from Tamilnadu on how to deal with the situation or how to
enable different central governments to do so. With the new National Democratic
Alliance (NDA) government in power there are high expectations of a solution.

    The above statement was given by Indian Institute for Defense Studies and
Analysis2

 

II.               
LITERATURE SURVEY

In association with Indian Regional Navigation Satellite
System (IRNSS)3, this project fore come with concept of creating a mobile
application for safeguarding daily life of fishermen in Sea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig.1.1.India-SriLankaMaritimeBorder4

Positions Lattitude And
Longitude4

Position 1 10° 05′.0
N 80° 03′.0 E

Position 2 10° 05′.8
N 80° 05′.0 E

Position 3 10° 08′.4
N 80° 09′.5 E

Position 4 10° 33′ 0
N 80° 46′.0 E

Position 5 10° 41′.7
N 81° 02′.5 E

Position 6 11° 02′.7
N 81° 56′.0 E

      Position7 11°16′.0N 82°
24′.4E

Previous inventions has led a useful path in tracking
location of fishermen using several series of pentagon formats5

Previous papers detailed only on Geo fencing, path tracking,
distress alert and emergency systems.

One of the best specifications as per previous papers is
usage of GPS6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

        Fig 1.2 IRNSS Working Plan

Previously proposed surveys and papers included use of GNSS. Indian maritime boundary line
value is stored in GNSS. At the time of movement of the boat, GNSS calculates
the longitude and latitude of the boat from satellite. GNSS is connected with
alarm device. The automatic warning systems include the saved waypoint values
of the display in GNSS and is checked with constant maritime boundary values.
If the result of the comparison shows the boats is beyond the country area
(area 1km near to maritime boundary) then fishermen is alerted7

III.            
PROPOSED WORK

 

OBJECTIVES :

This provides

A.    tracking the fishermen

B.    
measuring distance of fisherman from India-Sri Lanka
Maritime Border

C.      
Social Media connecting Fishermen Community

 

 

 

 

A.   
Tracking the fishermen

Using GPS and suitable
equipments, we come up with idea of tracking path of the fishermen. This
initially consist of following processes

Location Detection – Navigation with India Constellation (NavlC) 7th
satellite of Indian Regional Satellite Navigation System3

B.    
Measuring distance of
Fisherman from India-Sri Lanka Maritime Border

 

Geo
Fencing System

            Boundaries resembling the
maritime borders are drawn with some of add on features namely Safe Zone,
Limited Zone and Danger Zone.

Fig 1.2
Diagramatic sketch of levels to be considered    

Safe Zone is upto
which fishermen can fish independently

 

 

Limited Zone is upto
which fishermen have the right to fish

Danger Zone is where
the fishermen have risk chances

” Once the fishermen enter the danger

zone, automatic message
would be sent to Indian Navy which would warn fishermen or handle tough
situations if occurs. ”

This software compares the location of
fishermen with location of the Safe Zone , Limited Zone and Danger zone ,
calculates the distance between them and reports an updated information

C.   
Social
Media connecting Fishermen Community

       The
app too provides a social network which would connect different fishermen
community. This may help in providing informations regarding

·        
Government Developmental Plans

·        
Avoid exploiting particular region in
sea

·        
Improve Income of Fishermen

·        
Declaration of Cyclone in a particular
area

·        
Breeding Period of Fishes and
Availability of Fishes

·        
Direct request section to Ministry

Proposed system not only helps fishermen
during emergency situations but also help in increased productivity. This also
appreciates unity among different communities of fishermen.

IV.            
CONCLUSION

It is useful safe mode of navigation for
fishermen. The design of the device can be made smaller than proposed by
modifying the design specification. This can prevent the small scale fishermen
from cossing International border. The efficiency can be improvised by
implementing GPS sysytems.

This can also be used as distress alert
system to coast guard section whenever the fishermen face any calamities within
the ocean.

Improving the technologies can make this
cost efficient and aids in identifying density of fishes in sea6.

 

REFERENCES

1 Distress Alert
Transmitter

2http://www.idsa.in/idsacomments/IndiaSriLankaFishermenProblem_gsen_180614

3 IRNSS SIGNAL IN SPACE ICD FOR SPS VERSION 1.1 by ISRO

4http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Regional_Navigational_Satellite_System

 

5 Ramesh Advay-“FishErmen Lifeline Terminal-FELT”

6 A.Senthilkumar-“Portable Life Protection Sysytem For
Fishermen Using Global Positioning System”

7 M.Santhosh Samuel, S.Sarathkumar, D.Sankar-“Guarding
Fishermen on Indian Maritime Boudaries using GNSS and Cloud Computing”
presentes at International Confrence on Advances in Computer Engineering &
Applications (ICACEA-2014) at IMSEC, GZB

8 http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cit

y/madurai/85-fishermenkilled-by-Sri-

Lanka-in-10-years

Govt/articleshow/15540452.cms.