Education the syllabus keeps on changing year by

Education in Malaysia begins at the age of five where
children start their preschool education. Governed by the Ministry of
education, they will then continue with primary education, secondary education,
post-secondary education and then tertiary education.  Throughout this journey, students normally
will sit for three major national examinations which are Ujian Pencapaian
Sekolah Rendah (UPSR), Pentaksiran Tingkatan 3 (PT3), and Sijil Pelajaran
Malaysia (SPM). As we all know, Malaysia was ranked 52nd out of 65 countries in
Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) that was conducted by the
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This indicates
that our education system needs some improvement. There are many ways how we
can improve our education system such as ensure consistent programme for
students, use English for certain subjects, and include more practical
subjects.

One of the observation in Malaysian education is that the
syllabus keeps on changing year by year. For example, in 2012, PBS (Pentaksiran
Berasaskan Sekolah) was introduced to third year students in the secondary
schools as a part of the Education Transformation Plan to replace PMR
(Penilaian Menengah Rendah). The assessment is based on the achievement in
‘Band’. Two years later, Penilaian Tingkatan 3 (PT3) was introduced to replace
PBS. PT3 is also a school based assessment in which the assessment is done at
school level rather than national level. It is not only based on written
examination, but also depends on task assignments and projects. While the
ratings are more thorough, teachers are facing problems to develop good and
competitive assessment components as stated by The Malaysia Education Blueprint
(2013): “Some teachers and schools are also struggling to develop their own
assessment tasks and investments for the school assessment component”.
Additionally, assessment at school levels might affect the students’
achievement due to the difference in the quality of the teachings, test
questions, and grading standards.

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