Ethics systemizing, protecting and recommending. Ethical theories, nowadays,

Ethics
is a moral philosophy concept of “right” and “wrong” behavior. It is a methodology
of dividing good and bad behavior, ideas and concepts. The field of ethics
involves systemizing, protecting and recommending. Ethical theories, nowadays,
is divided into three general areas: metaethics, normative ethics and applied
ethics. Metaethics is an analytical philosophy that investigates where our
ethical principles came from. It explores the status, the scope of moral
values, the foundations and words. Whereas the field of normative and applied
ethics concerns about the question of what is moral, metaethics focuses on what
is morality itself. Normative ethics is more practical tasking that requires
regulation of moral standards on what is right and what is wrong conduction. The
message that normative ethics communicates to us is to acquire good habits,
follow the duties, or the consequences of our behavior on others.  And the applied ethics focuses on some
particular and controversial concerns such as abortion, animal rights,
environmental concerns, homosexuality, capital punishment, or nuclear war. In the
normative ethics there three main theories. First one is virtue theory- in any case, puts less accentuation on learning rules, and rather
focuses on the significance of growing great propensities for character, for
example, altruism. Second is consequentialist theory- An activity is ethically
right if the outcomes of that activity are more good than troublesome. And the
last but not least is duty theory- the fundamental principles of obligations.

In the
applied ethics there are five principles: personal benefit, when there are
individual beneficial consequences. Social benefit, when the action gives
benefit consequences to the society. Benevolence principal which is helping the
needs. Paternalism principle which is assisting others in pursuing their best
interests when they cannot do so themselves. And the principle of not harming
others.

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