INTRODUCTION and constitutes a tiny part of the

INTRODUCTION

The vital role of
research in modern medicine cannot be overemphasized in view of today’s dynamics
where global information and technology have profoundly influenced human health.

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The past and the present

The forefront of
medicine in ancient India was run by the likes of Sushruta, the first plastic
surgeon in the world and Charaka, the introducer of digestion and immunity(1).

But, unfortunately, the comparable enthusiasm is lacking in current medical
proffessionals. The scientific research which had been an integral part of
Indian civilisation, has now taken a backseat in our medical education system. Currently, research methodology
and biostatistics is covered under department of community medicine and
constitutes a tiny part of the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
(M.B.B.S.) curriculum. Thus, the exposure of undergraduate students to this
field is limited. Lack of training has compromised both the quality and
quantity of medical research in India. According to a study, 332 (57.3%) out of
the 579  Indian medical colleges did not
have a single publication between 2005 and 2014.(3)

 

The future

As we are moving
towards evidence based medicine, we can’t keep treating our people according to
the studies conducted in the West. India needs to generate its own data and
this is not possible without inculcating scientific temper and promoting
reasearch activities at the grassroot level. Undergraduate medical research is
a win-win situation as students get an opportunity to develop critical analysis
and enhance laboratory skills, guide faculty get more helping hands, institutes
get more publications and credit and ultimately, the aim of providing better
quality care to patients is fulfilled.

 

By assessing, what undergraduate students know, believe and actually
do about medical research, we can increase awareness and provide more
opportunities for the hidden aspirants. We can bridge the gap by

 

introduce educational interventions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objectives:

 

Primary
objective

 

To assess the knowledge of undergraduate
students about medical research methodology, their attitude towards it and
their practices regarding conducting research.

 

Secondary
objective

 

To understand why so few Indian medical
graduates take up research, the perceived obstacles and how the research
conditions in India could be improved

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Methodology

 

Place
of study: Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

 

Study
design:  After obtaining clearance from Institute’s
Ethical Committee, a Cross-sectional observational study will be conducted to
assess the current level of knowledge of undergraduates about medical research
methodology, their perceptions towards undertaking research and their practices
related to research. All students enrolling in the study will be explained
about the study and a written consent will be taken before administering the
questionnaire.

 

Study
population : Study population includes
undergraduates from 1st year to interns.

Selection criteria

Inclusion criteria: Undergraduates of
Maulana Azad medical college

Exclusion criteria: Those who are not
willing to participate.

 

Variable
definition and measurement

Knowledge, attitude and perception are the
dependent variables selected to evaluate the level of undergraduate students’
awareness of research methodology, opportunities and

 

Period
of study: two months

 

 

Data
collection

 

A predesigned pretested semi structured
questionnaire consisting of 16 questions will be administered to undergraduate
in students. It will contain the following parts:

1. Socio-Demographic Details

2. General awareness about research methodology

3. Awareness about research opportunities

4. Attitude

5. Practices

 

 

Ethical
consideration:

Permission will be obtained from the
institutional ethics committee (IEC) prior to the start of study. Informed
written consent will be taken from all the study subjects. No pressure coercion
will be exerted on the subjects for participation in the study.

 

Analysis
and statistical tools: All the data will be
entered into Excel. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version
___will be used to analyze the data.

 

 

 

 

STUDENT
INFORMATION SHEET

 

YOU ARE BEING INVITED TO PARTICIPATE IN A
RESEARCH STUDY

 

Before you take part in this study research
study, we wish to explain the study to you and give you the chance to ask
questions. Please read carefully the information provided here. If you agree to
participate, please sign the informed consent form.

 

Protocol
Title: MEDICAL
RESEARCH- THE ROAD LESS TRAVELLED BY:

A KAP study among
undergraduate students of Maulana Azad Medical College

 

 

Purpose
of the research study: Through this study, we want
to assess the knowledge of undergraduate students about medical research
methodology, their attitude towards it and their practices regarding conducting
research.

 

 

Study
procedure: You are requested to answer to a
structured questionnaire mainly based on your previous knowledge about the
topic.

 

Withdrawal
from study: You have the right to withdraw yourself
from study at any time during the course of study

 

Confidentiality: All information will be kept confidential

 

Costs
of participation: There is no cost of participation
in the study

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Form of informed consent

 

I _______________ son/daughter of ____________________, a resident of
________________________________________________________________________

Hereby declare that I give informed consent to participate in the study
titled ” MEDICAL RESEARCH- THE
ROAD LESS TRAVELLED BY:

A KAP study among
undergraduate students of Maulana Azad Medical College ”

 I have been told in the language
I understand that this study involves me answer a structured questionnaire and
is completely non invasive.

 

I also understand that the study is meant to determine the level of
knowledge about medical research.

 

I give full consent for being enrolled in the above study and I reserve
my rights to withdraw from the study whenever I wish.

 

_______________

(Name)

_______________

(date)

 

______________

(signature)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Implications

Exposure
to research in initial stages of their careers can stimulate some of them to
undertake research as a main interest.

Assessing
students’ knowledge,  attitude and
perception  about medical research may
promote educational endeavors to increase awareness about the research
methodology  and facilitate interventions
to inculcate thinking abilities at the grass root level.