Jazz is a music genre which combines two

Jazz
fusion (also known as fusion) is a musical genre that was established in the
late 1960s in the United States. It is a music genre which combines two or more
genres. At that time, musicians combined the characteristics of jazz harmony
and improvisation with other genres such as funk, rock, rhythm and blues, and
Latin jazz. The elements are taken from jazz with improvisation as well as the
grooves and rhythm of funk, with the beat of R&B and the amplified
electronics instruments used in rock. Jazz fusion music is actually
acknowledged because it helps the improvisation techniques used throughout the
80s and 90s to grow larger.

 

There was lots of
experimentation that occurred during this era. Many jazz musicians began to
investigate using electrical instruments, electronic effects, as well as
amplified sound for the first time. As a result, many of their elements and
musical practice have been established in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Since
then, they are known as jazz fusion. It was used to describe many different
musical styles.

 

            The
main characteristics of fusion genres are variations in tempo and rhythm.

Sometimes, it can be divided into smaller parts that depend on their own
dynamics, style, and tempo.  Fusion used
alone often refers to jazz fusion. Many other styles of music have been
combined with jazz to produce fusion including traditional music from around the
world, R’n’B, rock, electronic music, pop music, and jazz.

           

            Fusion music as a genre broadened
the definitions of jazz, rock, and pop music. These sounds are generally formed
by a standard rhythm section such as bass, drums, and sometimes guitar, with
layered keyboard tracks of Rhodes, strings, clavinet, organ and synthesizers.

Ealy fusion was generally rooted in the sounds, and philosophies of new age
music, seeking to incorporate traditional ethnic folk music into contemporary
electronic music.

 

            Jazz musicians like Tony Scott and
Don Cherry were some of the first to combine world music with Western forms,
and minimalist composers like Terry Riley and Philip Glass sometimes drew upon
non-Western scales and structures. These experiments resulted in an early
ethnic fusion. In time, ethnic fusion became a favorite way to broaden
instrumental musician’s sound with new rhythms or non-Western instrumentation
and combined it with a contemporary instrumental.

            According to bassist/singer Randy
Jackson, jazz fusion is a difficult genre to play.  He picked jazz fusion because he was trying
to become the best musician who is able to play anything. In his opinion, jazz
fusion is the hardest music to play because only instrument experts can play
this genre. It is complex, for example playing five tempos at the same time. If
someone mastered jazz fusion, they could do anything.

 

 

Musical Characteristics of
Fusion

 

Harmony:

Jazz fusion (sometimes known as Jazz Rock) is characterized
by straight rhythms, electric instrumentation (Rhodes, synths, electric guitar
and bass), and freeform improvisation and song structure that form a
continuation the free jazz style of the 50s and 60s.

 

Harmonically, jazz fusion is likely to abstain more from
traditional harmonic forms such as the II-V-I. Early fusion normally included
both modal and funk elements. This form of fusion would finally become the funk
and R influenced smooth jazz of the 80s. Subsequently, this would turn to
be rather complex modal structures and unusually voiced chords with large
intervallic leaps.

 

Instrumentation:

The
rhythm section typically consists of electric bass, electric guitar, electric
piano or synthesizer and drums. As with jazz, fusion often involves brass and
woodwind instruments such as trumpet and saxophone as melody. Fusion instrumentalists
normally require a high level of technical expertise.

 

Drum Fills:

Fusion
drumbeats use linear drumming, which is a style of playing the drums where no
two limbs hit any part of the drum kit at the same time. To create uplifting
and exotic drum beats, there should be a combination of bass drum kicks, hi-hat
and snare strokes that are put linearly.

 

Melody:

Fusion
is known to have shifting time signatures accompanied by chord progressions,
melodies, and counter-melodies. Generally, these arrangements, wheter simple or
complex, are played with comprehensive improvisisations that can vary in
length.

 

Texture:

The
fusion genre is based on homophonic musical texture. Its texture is formed by
the fusion of several sound entities which lose their identity and
independence. Each independent sound contributes to the synthesis of the
whole. 

 

International Influence:

The
popularity of mixing styles (fusion) has been an explosion in the last 50
years. Ireland has been responsible for music from other cultures being mixed
with Irish traditional music.  It was
started by Sean O’Riada. He combined Irish song with the classical tradition.

Although O’Roida moved away from his mixture of style in his later work, his
influence on later musicians was significant.