Nanomaterials: they can not be considered as a

Nanomaterials: Nanomaterials are one of the main objects or structures that are designed and produced by Nanotechnologies at the size level of approximately 1-100 nanometers. Research in nanomaterials is a field that adopts a science-based approach to materials over nanotechnology. Nanoparticles are objects with the three external dimensions at the nanoscale. Naturally produced nanoparticles or incidental byproducts of combustion processes are usually physically and chemically heterogeneous and are often referred to as ultrafine particles. The designed nanoparticles are intentionally produced and designed with very specific properties related to shape, size, surface properties and chemistry. These properties are reflected in aerosols, colloids or powders. Often, the behavior of nanomaterials may depend more on the surface area than the particle composition itself. A. Nanoparticles,Nanotubes,NanowiresB. Functinal Nanomaterials C.NanoComposites D.Polymeric NanomaterialsE.Organic And Inorganic Nanomaterials Nanomaterials Synthesis: The organization of nanoparticles in a thin film form is often necessary to make them functional and operational. Two important chemical methods: (a) thermal decomposition at high temperature and (b) liquid-liquid interface reaction, suitable for preparing films of many metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. A.Energy Ball MillB.Vaccum Vapourization C.Vaccum DepositionD.Gas Condensation   Nanomaterials Manufacturing Techniques: Nanoscale manufacturing is known as nanofabrication. Nanomanufacturing involves a larger scale, reliable and cost-effective manufacture of nanoscale materials, structures, devices and systems. It also includes research, development and integration of top-down processes and increasingly complex processes from the bottom up or self-assembly. A.Roll to roll processing.B.Chemical vapour Deposition.C.Molecular beam epitaxyD.Atomic layer epitaxy.  Appliance Of Nanomaterials:  Nanotechnology has already contributed to the number of innovative products in various engineering disciplines due to its unique and rewarding chemical, physical and mechanical properties. One of the popular applications of nanomaterials are nanotubes. Basically, nanotechnology applications can be divided into several categories. Thin films and designed surfaces are adapted to the one-dimensional applications of nanomaterials. They have been used for fields such as electronics and chemistry, so they can not be considered as a new material. A.NanomechanicsB.Carbon nanotube emittersC.Biological applications of nanoparticlesD.Engergy applications of nanomaterialsE.NanobotsF.Photonic Crystals