Sandro Florence where the Italian Renaissance really began,

Sandro Botticelli was born in Florence, Italy in 1445. He is one of the pronounced Italian artists who participated in the Italian Renaissance at the time. Botticelli gained fame when he was called on to paint the Sistine Chapel in 1481 by the Medici family. Botticelli is still a very famous artist today.    Botticelli was born in Florence where the Italian Renaissance really began, and there were themes that started there that would be used throughout the art created. One example would be Humanism. Humanism was something during that time where people began to believe humans were more important than God or the divine. It stressed that humans could do things on their own rather than with the help of the supernatural. Before that, a lot of art was centered on the church and God. Another theme of the Renaissance was the style and how people painted or drew as well as their execution of the art. People had much more freedom than that of someone from another time, such as the medieval period. Some types of techniques that they used more were multiple point perspective, anatomy study, realism, and different styles of art. Botticelli contributed to these in his artwork.    In Florence on March 1, 1445, Sandro Botticelli was born, his father was a tanner at the time and when he Sandro grew older he had him apprenticed as a goldsmith. He was the youngest of his father’s sons. His father later had him apprentice Filippo Lippi when he found his son preferred painting. Botticelli learned new techniques and art styles such as linear perspective and fresco. Then by 1470 he was a well-known artist in Florence and established his own workplace. Botticelli never married and lived with his family for a while, but he did receive a good education, his apprenticeship with Filippo helped him with his development in the arts.    His artwork mostly, again, developed under his apprenticeship with Filippo Lippi. He learned the traditional Florentine style of linear perspective and emphasized human figures with sharp contours. Some examples would be The Birth of Venus and The Adoration of the Magi. His early style of painting was influenced by the use of light and shade, which became very popular for many artists at the time. Botticelli focused on the traditional Florentine art style at the time, keeping the themes of perspective and linear shape. His art is mainly taken from the Bible, like Madonna of the Magnificat, and mythology, such as The Birth of Venus (Aphrodite in Greek). His paintings have the form and content of Ut Pictura Poesies; meaning “As is painting, so is poetry.” (Grendler). His later style is when a new style of art began to emerge when Botticelli worked on frescos and churches as well as chapels. “These frescoes show a new concern with the construction of stage-like spaces and stiffer figures, also seen in a series of altarpieces of 1485 and 1489. A bow to the newly fashionable work of the Domenico Ghirlandaio and of Flemish painting is implied, but the tense linearity of the figure reveals the Botticelli’s art had not undergone any fundamental changes.” (Gale). Botticelli concentrated on paintings with smaller figures, and he used the same sharp lines, so he could make it very vibrant and detailed.    Some of his artworks he created were The Fortitude, which was a painting that gave him his reputation as a great artist. One of his most popular portraits was a man holding a medallion of Medici, which he blended the style of the time with his own style. He also worked on illustrations for Dante’s Divine Comedy, but he passed before he finished them. These are just a few of his very well-known pieces of art.