Scope reduced. · Free from errors and harmonics

Scope / Objectives of the project:
 
·        
In future, work deals with the air circulation for
boiler to burn the fuel.
·        
The purification of water to the boiler for gaining
the better output efficiency.
·        
In the future research is to focus on the
application oriented implementation of remote monitoring of boiler automation
by SCADA internet access.
·        
Human power is totally exhibited in forthcoming.
·        
Delay in operation is reduced.
·        
Free from errors and harmonics (disturbances).
·        
No fluctuation during process.
·        
Maintenance cost will be minimized.
·        
Decrease in pollution level.
·        
Amount of disaster decreases.
·        
Due to usage of purified water and filtered coal , losses
are less and its become a bit eco-friendly. So in future pollution level
reduces.
·        
Flexible in control and addition of parameters
becomes easy.
·        
In past, steam
generator where controlled manually. But now a day the process is fully
automated and analysis is totally SCADA based.
·        
The applying
steam is controlled and maintained by PLC. So efficiency of heating the
boiler with help of steam is to be high.
 

Methodology :
 
·        
HARDWARE :
 
                      
I.       
PLC ladder diagram is connected to hardware named as
“ALLENY BARDELY”. Which control the field.
                    
II.       
BOILER: It is closed vessel into which water is
heated until the water is converted into steam at required pressure.
Water plays a major part in generation of steam
initially pushbutton is switched ON then PLC, SCADA, different sensors are
switched ON.
                  
III.       
STEAM WATER:
Water heats, turns into steam and spins the steam turbine which drives an
electrical generator.
                  
IV.       
COOLING FEEDER:
The amount of cooling is required by any steam-cycle power plant is
determined by its thermal efficiency. It has essentially nothing to do with
whether it is fueled by coal, gas or uranium.
                    
V.       
COAL FEEDER : It
is a conveyor belt which is used to carry the raw coal or coal ore stones.
 
·        
SOFTWARE :
 
·        
PLC (programmable
logic controller):  It is the most
intelligent system of modules which was introduce in control and
instrumentation industries for replacing relay based logic. PLC is also used
for storage of instruction for implementing function such as logic,
sequencing, timing, counting and arithmetic to control through digital or
analog inputs and outputs modules and various types of machine processes.
 It is also
used in industries for waste control oil and gas refining purpose.
 
·        
SCADA (Intouch wonder ware 10.1): SCADA, a controlled system used to
supervise a complete plan and basically consists of data accessing features
and controlling processes remotely. It is used to monitor the boiler
temperature, pressure and water level using different sensors.
The corresponding
output is given to PLC. If temperature and pressure inside boiler exceeds the
predefined value, then entire system is shut down(which prevents from minor
and major disaster ). 
 
·        
CONTROL PARAMTERS :
 
                      
I.       
PRESSURE CONTROL :
Force draft pressure, Turbine inlet steam
pressure, Flue gas pressure, Steam drum pressure and Induced draft pressure.
                    
II.       
TEMPERATURE CONTROL :
Steam drum temperature, Flue gas temperature,
Force draft temperature, under-bed boiler temperature, Feed water temperature
and Induced draft temperature.
                  
III.       
LEVEL CONTROL :
Water level control and Steam drum level.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
      LADDER FOR PRESSURE                                                                                                                                                      

 
 
 
                                                                                                    
                                            
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                          
 
 
 
 

 
Note : If
this project is an improvised work of the previously awarded project, then
please specify the improvised work with respect to the technical aspects.
 

Expected Outcome of the project :
                      
I.       
These procedures can be turned from problematic and
error-prone task to straightforward and trouble free with simple
implementation of proximity or contactless reader.
                    
II.       
Secures operations, while gaining competitive
advantages.
                  
III.       
Error free and less losses.
                            
IV.           
The corresponding
output is given to PLC. If temperature and pressure inside boiler exceeds the
predefined value, then entire system is shut down.
                              
V.           
Reliability is high.
 
 
Note : If
this project is an improvised work of the previously awarded project, then
please give a brief comparison of the results of earlier work and improvised
work proposed by you.
 
Results of the improvised work:
1.   Novelty/Innovation of the modified device:
2.   Deliverables ( Design/Drawings/Protocol/Prototype):
3.   No. of Trial Runs:
4.   Cost effectiveness:
5.   Industrial Application: