Source one is an excerpt from an unknown text. The source describes the idea of a representative democracy or elitist theory, while criticizing the idea of a direct democracy where voters have the majority of say when it comes to decision making. The source presents the issue of ill-equipped voters. The line “the vast majority of citizens are ill-equipped to make informed decisions that can affect the stability and security of their country” explains the problem that is mainly faced by liberal democracies, the problem that voters are not making rational or politically informed decisions. Several modern liberal democracies, use a representative democracy due to their size and complexity. Thomas Hobbes argued in support of the source. Hobbes argued because a single vote has little weight in a very large group of decision makers, individuals have little or no sense of responsibility for their decisions, and thus are less likely to make rational decisions. The source also hints at authoritarian forms of government, like oligarchies, single party states, or dictatorships as being more effective than a liberal democracy. The source commends these forms of government for being able to accomplish “fewer errors in judgement that impact society as a whole.”. Source two is a political cartoon that depicts the issue of voter turnout that liberal democracies face. The image on the left side of the source, labelled “Soviet Elections” depicts the frivolousness of voting in a authoritarian regime with the tv reading “Vote Anosov, your only choice”. In authoritarian regimes, voting is often frivolous as there tends to be only one political party in the runnings. The image on the right side of the source, labelled “Canadian Elections” shows a couple discussing the frivolousness of voting simply because they assume to already know the winner of the election. This can be shown by the line on the tv “Network Projection, Miller WINS!” and the line “With 20% of the votes counted” which is presented in a very small font. The couple in this image assumes that Miller has already won despite the fact that only 20% of the votes have been counted. The source denounces individuals who vote with these ideologies, by showing the ignorance of these voters, in blindly assuming that they should not vote or even participate in elections because a certain result is expected, despite the fact that many things could easily change the result. Voter turnout is an important issue faced by liberal democracies. If individuals do not vote and express their concerns or opinions, the will of the people is not a reflection of the society as a whole. Both images in the source address the idea of voter turnout in undermining democratic principles, as individuals do not believe that they can influence the government. The source suggests that voting is a privilege that is not exercised by individuals in authoritarian states – where the idea of choice is not is not a right, but merely an illusion.Source three is an excerpt by Satya Das. She examines the problems of Canadian democracy and explains the dissatisfaction among canadian citizens when majority governments are elected with less than 50% of the votes. The source addresses the “first past the post” democratic system, which is in place in Canada and how this is a potential problem. The “first past the post” can lead to undermining the will of the people and essentially lowering voter turnout. Satya says “Most majority governments are elected with less than half the votes. Tinkering won’t solve this flaw.” She suggests there are in fact flaws to the “first past the post” system and that these flaws are leading to inaccurate representation of the will of the people. An effect of a “first past the post” democratic system in an undermining liberal democracy is low voter turnout, as individuals do not believe they are being heard and their votes are ineffective. In the lines “winner-take-all system based on ridings, we could have an alternative system where every vote counts.” Satya brings up the idea that proportional representation may be a better alternative to the “first past the post” democratic system. “Every vote counts. Instead of your votes being “squandered” because someone from another party wins, your vote would help elect representatives of a party or platform that you agree with.” It is through these lines that Das assures everyone that this idea is more democratic than the “first past the post” and will more accurately represent the will of the people. Votes would no longer by wasted when a certain member of parliament wins an election, but instead the votes would still go towards a certain political party and in return, the house of commons would be filled according to the percentage of votes received by each political party. “Changing our electoral system will not satisfy the agenda and aspiration of every voter, but it will make our democracy more vigorous, by giving citizens greater influence..’ The three sources discuss the various factors that influence the effectiveness of a democracy and how well a democracy represents the will of the people. Source one is an excerpt that describes how most citizens are uninformed and ill-equipped to make decisions, such as voting. Source two shows the idea of low voter turnout being a factor in a undermining democracy, while source three hints at the “First past the post” democracy system being one of the causes of low voter turnout. Both source one and two address the ideas of authoritarian regimes. Source one shares the idea that authoritarian regimes are more effective as they do not have to deal with problems like: low voter turnout and ill-equipped voters. Source two however uses the idea of an authoritarian regime to give a reason as to why individuals should vote. In an authoritarian government, voters truly have no choice when it comes to political parties. The source denounces citizens who do not exercise their right to vote as it is their responsibility as a citizen to vote. Voting is a privilege that needs that most authoritarian states do not hate have. It needs to be appreciated. Source three discusses the idea of voter turnout in relation to the “First past the post” democratic system. The source describes this system as undermining democracy itself, the line “elected with less than half the votes” is leading voters not to vote. All three sources describe factors that limit the expression of the will of the people.