The topics to be considered in First General Assembly are “establishing strategies for countering cyber warfare in the digital age” and ” instituting measures to control and monitor illicit flow of small arms and light weapons” both topics contain issues that have been effecting countries all over the world. Developing and establishing strategies to counter cyber warfare is crucial as many parts of the internet encourage illegal activities. Controlling the illicit flow of small arms is a main factor of developing a safe environment which is every country’s main focus.
1. Establishing strategies for countering cyber warfare in the digital age:
Lebanon isn’t as well introduced to the cyber applied science era as much as other countries are due to its instability and the hold up in electing a new president, however the Lebanese government set making the country more familiar with cyber issues as a main aim and is putting in a significant amount of effort to accomplish that aim. Authorities believe that the right starting point was raising awareness towards the issue and it was achieved by distributing a survey to almost 635 students, educators and managers which included a questionnaire to test their apprehension regarding new technology. The survey helped in collecting an overwhelming amount of data to acknowledge the state of Lebanese citizens with cyber warfare which helped the Telecommunications Regulatory Authorities in the process of buying new equipment to be well resourced enough to train newbies in becoming cyber experts. Furthermore, 2 anti-cyber-crime forums were conducted by “Al-Iktisad w Al Aamal” which brought together over 500 professionals including bank employees, IT workers, security experts and software developers to increase their awareness about technology and how to work with it. The government is also working with the ministry of Telecommunications on the expansion of networks and including the private sector in providing services, besides all the issues mentioned above the main problem is that Lebanon spends a lot of money training workers to become cyber professionals, however when that is achieved experts tend to flee the country due to the crisis the its suffering from as they are garneted better job opportunities in better living conditions which makes it harder for the authorities to hire and train workers in a job outside their fields of experience as finding a worker that has the requirements needed is very rare as many people think that Lebanon has bigger problems to deal with other than cyber warfare, which the government does not go by as cyber warfare is the future even if some may not see it.
1. Instituting Measures to Control and Monitor Illicit Flow of Small Arms and Light Weapons:
Lebanon has suffered through a fifteen-year civil war which ended in 1990 however Lebanon still struggles with the aftermath which was proven by the occurrence of several clashes, a part of the aftermath, was the increase of rates of illegal arms dealing. Considering that the sales widely dropped when the government decided to fight against illegal arms dealing when it was on the rise for 2 years straight, this was the statement made by a Lebanese arms dealer when he was captured. he also stated that raids by the police were befalling too often and gun dealers wouldn’t usually deal in periods with high rates of raids. Furthermore, with a new president in position, Yacoub Sarraf the new minister of defense was hired, who set a rule that obligates any gun shop to identify the name of the buyer, number of guns being sold, and the criteria the gun falls under, each time a gun is purchased. This law may be considered a simple one to other countries, yet in Lebanon this law has never been introduced since the previous ministers of defense barley showed any concern. Regarding the borders of Tripoli, they’re considered to be the closest borders to Syria, which is why Syrian refugees use these borders to travel into Lebanon. Many Syrian gun dealers were caught smuggling firearms into Lebanon, the arrested gun dealers would get their weapons seized and a prison sentence depending on the type and the amount of arms being smuggled, this reduced the number of Syrian smugglers trying to sneak weapons through the borders. Besides the fact that Lebanon is currently facing a lot of issues to resolve, the government Is trying to fix each issue at a time.