The rights that the Emancipation Act awarded them.

The Roman Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829 was the most
significant factor to a fair extent. The 1800’s had been not been a time of
great hope for the Irish. King George III, as his father before him, had been
in stiff opposition to Catholic Emancipation all through his regency, from
1811-1820. This meant that every bill for emancipation was rejected before
1820. In 1821 a bill managed to get a majority in the Commons but was rejected
by the Lords. The situation would have been hopeless. However, due to O’Connell
making the decision to change the methods of the Irish, the Roman Catholic
Emancipation Act came about in 1829. This not only gave the Irish hope that
they had not had before, but it also gave them power inside the House of
Commons, as for the first time Catholic MP’s were allowed to hold office and
O’Connell, having won the vote for two years straight, was able to take up his
seat and argue for the Catholics in Ireland. This was very significant as it
was the root of everything that was to come in terms of Irish independence. Without
the Emancipation Act allowing Irish MP’s into the House of Commons, there would
have been no chance for Irish independence at any stage and certainly not the
Anglo-Irish treaty in 1921 as Ireland would have been unable to properly
negotiate with the British government and people like Michael Collins and Arthur
Griffith would not have had the power to negotiate and sign the treaty with the
British Government. As a result, the Roman Catholic Emancipation Act was the
most important factor to a fair extent as, while the Anglo-Irish treaty was
important to the extent that it gave the majority of Ireland it’s freedom, it
would have been impossible without the rights that the Emancipation Act awarded


The Anglo-Irish Treaty was the most significant factor to a
slight extent. This is because it was the foundation upon which the Republic of
Ireland that we know today was built. Prior to 1922 and the treaty, a bitter
war had been fought between the Irish and Britain. The IRA, led by Michael
Collins, had been fighting against British control and British forces, the
Black and Tans predominantly. There were brutal incidences, such as the IRA’s
organised murder of 14 British intelligence operatives, and the Black and Tans’
retaliation of going into Croke park and opening fire, killing fourteen
civilians and wounding 65. The Anglo-Irish Treaty put an end to this damaging
strife and made the majority of Ireland free and independent. This improved the
lives of many Irish citizens exponentially, giving them freedom form the
oppression of the British. However, it split Ireland and led to the Death of a
brilliant leader, Michael Collins. All of Ulster, apart from County Donegal,
remained part of the Union with Britain. Many Irish nationalists saw this as a
betrayal of the original principals of the movement, but Michael Collins saw it
as the best that Ireland was going to get and signed the Treaty. As a result,
the blame was put upon him and he was targeted and eventually killed by
Nationalists who had once been under his command. Ireland lost a charismatic
leader and a strong military presence as a result, something that would have
been incredibly useful for further negotiations with Britain or the
establishment of an Irish government. Therefore the Anglo Irish treaty cannot
be as significant as the Roman Catholic Emancipation Act as it had some
negative impacts, splitting Ireland for one, and it could never have been
brought into fruition if it wasn’t for the Roman Catholic Emancipation Act.

In conclusion, the Roman Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829
was the most significant factor to a fair extent. While the Anglo-Irish Treaty
was important, having given the Irish people freedom and independence, the Roman
Catholic Emancipation Act was the beginning if everything. Without it, there
would have been no Irish MP’s in the House of Commons, and no chance of a free
Ireland and the Anglo-Irish Treaty would never have become a reality.