This Alastair lamb. Alastair lamb is a historian

This book the incomplete partition is written by Alastair
lamb. Alastair lamb is a historian and also worked in archaeology and
ethnography in different continents. He wrote several books on subcontinent
issues. His famous books are; Asian frontier; British India and Tibet; and
Kashmir.

       This book
has chapters which are based on the accurate researches in the United Kingdom,
subcontinent.

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        During the
partition of subcontinent a conspiracy was committed by Lord Mountbatten and
Radcliffe. They planned to make Muslim majority areas of Gurdaspur, part of
India. India got accessed to Kashmir through this district.

        Mountbatten
showed a soft corner for India and he had a pro-Indian bias. He avoids telling
the truth about many matters to the Muslim Leaders.

        Border
line, which was decided by Radcliffe, was especially prepared by Lord Wavell,
the previous viceroy of India. The blueprints of border line were represented
to the British government through a telegram in London on Feb 1946. This
telegram had a draft which was prepared by official staff of viceroy.

        In Wavell
partition plan Gurdaspur and Batala were suggested to be a part of India. It
was not plan of Wavell that Kashmir is accessed by India.

       The priority
of Radcliffe was to secure the holy city of Sikhs, Amritsar. He did not
consider the matters of Kashmir when he was making it the part of India. He
ensured the security of natural river boundaries in Amritsar. The tehsils of
Ferozpur and Zira were decided to be a part of Pakistan by Radcliffe.

        The secretary
of Radcliffe prepared a typewritten note on Aug1947.This note had a map which
was showing of new boundaries of the state of subcontinents.

        
Mountbatten and his chief of staff had a meeting on lunch with Radcliffe
on 12th Aug1947; in this meeting Mountbatten forced Radcliffe to
change his award about Ferozpur. Radcliffe represented a new note of boundary
line which was different from the previous note of boundaries.

         On Aug 13th
1947 Mountbatten wrote a letter to Mr. Jinnah and Nehru about Radcliffe award.
On Aug 11 when Liquate Ali khan complained to chief of staff about
the wrong changes in award, he was replied that he had no rights to give any
statement against viceroy. Later on the records of manipulation destroyed and
tempered.

          Ferozpur
had the majority of Muslims, the separation of Ferozpur from Pakistan, had a
very bad economic impact on Pakistan. In the same way two eastern tehsils of
Gurdaspur should be awarded to Pakistan. These were the main criteria of
partitions.

          According
to the author Radcliffe did not make Gurdaspur part of India intentionally. One
tehsil of Gurdaspur which had 61% of Non-Muslims which was given to India.
Through which they accessed to Kashmir.

          On Oct
27-1947 Indian armies invaded into Kashmir. On Oct 24 deputy prime minister of
Kashmir stated that invaded forces are the uncontrolled tribesman of Pakistan
government. The Indian defense comity had a meeting with Mountbatten on Oct 25
in which they saw the matter of Kashmir has a planned invasion by tribesman
which was supported by Pakistani government.

Criticize:-

                   
This book has state that an Indian military was entered into Kashmir for
self-defense but this was wrong. The fact is that they attacked Kashmir to
making it part of India forcefully. Jinnah did not like the friendship of
Mountbatten and Nehru, which led to dangerous results in partition.

Refer
to others:-

                                This book is a
very useful source for the students of history who really wants to know the
true face of British leaders and their misjudgments with Muslims in partition
era.