Topic: from discrimination and violence, including rape, beatings,

 

Topic:
Why we should end “violence against womenKL1 .”

Violence
against women and girls is a grave violation of human rights. Its impact ranges
from immediate to long-term multiple physical, sexual and mental consequences
for women and girls, including death. This leads to negative effects on women’s
general well-being and prevents women from fully participating in our society. Not
only does violence has negative consequences on women, but violence also impact
their families, their community and their country at large. This is because
violence has tremendous costs, from greater health care, to legal expenses and
losses in productivity, impacting national budgets and overall development. For
this reason, each country must create laws and enforce existing laws that would
protect women from discrimination and violence, including rape, beatings,
verbal abuse, mutilation, and tortureKL2 .
For instance, one study from the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
estimated that 35 percent of women worldwide have experienced either physical
or sexual intimate partner violence or sexual violence from an intimate partner
in their lifetime (UN
Women). Another study revealed that women who have been physically or sexually abused by
their partners are more than twice as likely to have an abortion, almost twice
as likely to experience depression, and in some regions, 1.5 times more likely
to acquire HIV, as compared to women who have not experienced partner violence (UN Women).

Decades
of mobilizing by civil society and women’s movements have put ending
gender-based violence high on national and international agendas. Nowadays,
several countries have laws against domestic violence, sexual assault and other
forms of violence. Challenges remain however in implementing these laws,
limiting women and girls’ access to safety and justice. In other words, not
enough is done to prevent violence, and when it does occur, it often goes unpunished.
Nowadays, for instance, women are still victim of discrimination and violence,
including rape, beatings, verbal abuse, mutilation, torture, honor killings and
traffickingKL3 .
For instance, we saw in our textbook that women workers can be fired or demoted
for being pregnant (P.32). In addition, the passage states that women in the
seventies made “on average, fifty cents to the dollar earned by males” (P.32).
It saddens me because this was legal and was allowed to happen to women, and it
is still happening in our present days. In addition, we read that many women
are afraid to tell their employers that they are with child, out of fear of
termination, and that many women that are pregnant will not look for jobs
because they feel their pregnancy will deter employment (P.32).

In
fact, such acts have led to the creation of the International Violence Against
Women Act (IVAWA), a bill that will raise awareness for women and girls facing discrimination
and violence on a daily basis, and ensure that
addressing gender-based violence is a priority of the U.S. foreign policies.
The bill suggests that each government should educate its community members on
their responsibilities under international and national human rights laws
(care.org). This will eventually promote the peaceful resolution of disputes by
including the perspectives of women and girls (care.org). In my opinion, I
think that we should sensitize the public to the disadvantages of early and
forced child marriages, and highlight the value of girls’ education and of
women’s participation in economic development. This will motivate or encourage
women to participate in the political process and educate the public about the
value of women’s votesKL4 .

It
is important that we recognize that everyone has a fundamental right to live
free of violence. Yet violence against women and girls is a health epidemic
and a leading cause of injury and disability for women across the globe
(care.org). For instance, in many regions, it kills as many women and girls as
cancer and surpasses injury from traffic accidents. For this reason, organizations
such as the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and
the Empowerment of Women, also known as UN Women, a United
Nations entity working for the empowerment of women, suggests that we
should address these issues by raising youth awareness early in
life. In fact, the UN Women organization argues that working with youth is the
best bet for faster, sustained progress on preventing and eradicating
gender-based violence (UN Women).
In other words, the organization explained that working with youth will promote
respectful relationships and gender equality. In my opinion, their proposition will
empower young girls by increasing their participation and decision-making
powers—in the home and in relationships. For instance, working with young boys will
help to accelerate progress in preventing and ending violence against women and
girls because it challenges the deeply rooted inequalities and social norms
that perpetuate men’s control and power over women (UN Women).

During
their 57th session, the UN Women organization passed the CSW57
proposal, which aimed to share equally the
responsibilities between women and men, including caregiving in the context of
HIV/AIDS (UN Women). Also, the agreed proposal covers all forms of violence
against women and girls, and points out cyber stalking and cyber bulling by
recognizing that these multiple forms of discrimination and other factors
expose women (UN Women). Also, the National Coalition Against Domestic
Violence (NCADV) is working with men and boys to provide them with tools and
expertise to understand the root causes of violence against women in their
communities, and get involved with their peers and communities to prevent such
violence (ncadv.org). This will allow them to learn about where to access
support if violence is experienced (ncadv.org). Another important component of
an effective prevention strategy in my opinion, is by raising awareness and
community mobilization through media and social media.

In
sum, we should increase awareness of the causes and consequences of violence against
women and build capacity of the government and the communities to prevent and
respond to violence. As a result, this will promote the need for changing norms
and behavior of men and boys, and advocate for gender equality and women’s
rights.

 

 KL1Center
your title

 KL2Add
some statistics. Feel free to use our textbook as a reference (Chapter 10).
Also, any other demographic specifics would strengthen your proposal.

 KL3Add
an example or two from our textbook. Chapter 10

 KL4Good
suggestion for change!