Websites became a major
part of our life for various purposes. But its very alarming that, websites may
be hacked by hackers. Website hacking
has become a great threat for businesses
developing an online presence.9
Hackers are stealing secret data ,
information, taking control ,even shutting down any website. 10 The popularity of Web site hacking is mystifying.9 Actually, Hacking of a Web site can affect the credibility and
reputation of the organization.9 But among many types of cyber crimes , Why
do hackers give effort to deface a Web site?9 There are some reasons behind
Hackers can hack websites in many ways such as: 10
1.DDOs Attack(Distributed Denial of Service Attack): Make unavailable
a website to the users.
Remote code execution attacks: Make security weak either the server side
or client side
site request forgery attacks: Hackers send to users a
forged HTTP request to collect their cookie information while they are logged
into a session or account.
insider attack: happens when a hacker positions the symlink Which is a
special file that “points to” a hard link on a mounted file system, the user or
application that access the endpoint thinks that they are accessing the correct
file but they’re really not.
Cache Poisoning: DNS Cache Poisoning attached old cache data, hackers can
identify vulnerabilities in a domain name system that allows to form traffic
from legit servers to a fake website .
Redress Attack): to trace a user into clicking the top layer without them
knowing by using multiple opaque layers.
Authentication and session management attacks: Passwords,
key management, session IDs, cookies are consists in authentication systems
that can allow a hacker to access the whole information from any website.
attack: also known as cross site scripting attacks. It can occur
when an application, file packet, url “get request” is sent to any web browser
window and bypassing the validation process, for example, user may see a page
asking for their credit card info or any other private information.
9.Injection Attacks: it happens when
there are flaws in the SQL Database, SQL libraries or the operating system by
itself. Users might open the files
with hidden commands that’s make an opportunities to hackers to get unauthorized access to
secret information as well as data as like credit card number or other
A hacker can exploit vulnerabilities by
applying multiple and
various techniques to hack a Web Site. So
some techniques must be applied to prevent website hacking as well as keep
any website safe.
Some effective techniques for prevent website hacking are given bellow:
1.Keep software up to date regularly.11
2.Toughen up access control.9
3. Ensure OS level protection9
4. Use HTTP attack protection9
5. Use Web server resources protection 9
standard Transact SQL.11
7. Give strong
8. Use HTTPS protocol to provide security over the
9. Use Website
security tools such as Netsparker, OpenVAS, SecurityHeaders.io, Xenotix XSS, Exploit Framework etc.11
10. Tighten network security.3
11. Hide admin pages.3
12.keep Limit file
13. Use SSL.3
14. keep Back-up frequently.3
15. Use Server
Conclusion: We can not think our daily life
without computer as well as internet. The advantages of internet and computer
can not be described in one word. But they have also some demerits as like
cyber crimes. Its also became a part of our life. Criminals and victims both
are the part of our society. Now, the rate of various types of cyber crimes
increases rapidly. It must be reduced by keeping proper steps that’s are
already discussed in this paper for keeping safe our personal and private data
and information ,ensure the security of all types of websites and making
our society clean & peaceful.