With rubber-matting store went out of business due

With over 70 million
fatalities, the Second World War is known as the bloodiest war to mankind. Towards
the start of World War II American people had come to their senses and decided
to help their country out. Women were leaving their homes to take over the jobs
that their husbands had left to go to War. (Help the country out) In 1943,
magazines were publishing cartoons of women working hard at work. These
cartoons focused mainly on women and glamorized the “untraditional”
jobs they held. The publishers of these articles thought perhaps, that if they
published cartoons like above, they would be more exciting for women and bring
more women to the working industry. For this reason, the media created a false
working woman named Rosie the Riveter, and she was illustrated as a hero for
American women. Her efforts to pull women into working through magazines
worked, more than six million women joined the workforce during war. Therefore,
magazines helped to paint a picture of the average women taking a hard-working
wartime job, and at the same time advertised for other women to do the same.

Magazines
in 1943 provided articles of women hard at work during war. They were also
written as an attempt to pull in other women to work, and help with the wartime
efforts. In the scholarly article Rosie the Riveter Remembers, they touched
base on these wartime women workers, and interviewed some of the women that had
worked as “Rosies”. The article explained that during the war the media, as
well as the government both set in motion a movement to help inspire women to
back the war effort by taking a war job. The same women that at the time of the
Great Depression were advised that they should not seize jobs from men.
However, over 6 million women had entered the work force for the first time by
the end of World War II. To stress the number of women that began to work for
the war effort, the article provided the statistic that in 1920, women made up
20% of the workforce, and by 1945, women made up 35% of the workforce.

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A
handful of women that began working during World War II to help the war effort
were interviewed in Rosie the Riveter Remembers. The first woman interviewed
was Inez Sauer, a chief clerk in a toolroom. She explained that when the war
started she was thirty-one years old, and she had never worked a day in her
life. She was the mother of two young boys, aged twelve and thirteen, and a six-year-old
daughter. When the war began her husband’s rubber-matting store went out of
business due to the war restrictions on rubber. She saw an ad in a Seattle
newspaper that companies needed women workers to help the war effort, and the
newspaper stated, ‘Do your part, free a man for service’. Again, another
reassurance that newspapers and magazines were drawing women into the workforce
to help with the war. Sybil Lewis was a black arc welder during World War II,
and she also decided to take the job when she saw a newspaper advertisement to
train women for defense work. She explained that she riveted small airplane
parts, and worked in a pair. It was her, the riveter, who shot rivets with a
gun through metal and fastened it together, and the bucker, who used a bucking
bar on the metal to smooth out the rivets that she had shot in; she admitted
that bucking was a harder job than riveting. The last woman interviewed,
Frankie Cooper was a crane operator, and she stressed the idea that women
joined the war movement to help the men fighting overseas. She explained that
during the war, inside the plant everyone pushed and gave everything they had,
because they wanted to. They all pushed through and went to work even if they
did not feel well, because they were thinking of the men overseas and how hard
they were working for their country.

In
the scholarly article American Women in a World at War, the authors read 30
thousand letters written by over 1500 women during World War II. Many of the
letters were women writing to their husbands or sweethearts overseas. They
wrote to them about such topics as the stress of both raising children and
working a war job, or how scared they were to lose their loved one to battle.
The article explained that due to the over 16 million men serving overseas, the
need for women to work was in high demand, and the women entering the warfare
increased significantly. Inside of the letters women told their loved ones just
how proud they were to work for the war effort, and were often excited about
the independence and responsibilities that came with their job.

Magazines
throughout 1943 depicted scenes of women hard at work, hoping to draw in new
women workers. In the September 1943 issue of Good Housekeeping, there was an
article titled “I Looked Into my Brother’s Face”. This article featured a
painting of a beautiful woman wearing a green uniform, and holding a combat
helmet. Behind her was an army plane, and an army ambulance. The article was
written from the woman’s point of view, and she explained how she was a war
nurse, and her brother came into her hospital wounded, and suddenly she began
to think back to their childhood. She said she had seen her share of war,
wounded soldiers, and bombings because that was her job as a war nurse.
However, when someone you love gets hurt the war would hit home, and you would
begin to realize why you were working for the war effort. She was working to
make sure that Americans got to live and grow up the same way her and her
brother got to, to make sure that they would come home to the same America they
had always known and lived in, where everyone could live their lives with
kindness, security, and peace. The article ended with the woman saying that is
why her and her brother were fighting, and that everyone reading should keep it
America the way they left it until they arrived back home. This article may
have encouraged many women to join the war effort back home. After reading
this, women may have felt the need to help keep America the way it always was,
like the nurse was asking. Or, perhaps, they felt guilty sitting at home not
doing much towards the war effort, while women like this nurse were hard at
work overseas dealing with bombings and death day after day.

Besides
nurses, other women’s jobs that were shown in magazines in 1943 included
riveters, and agricultural workers. The Life Magazine issue published March
15,1943 included an article titled From Alice… to Eddie… to Adolf!. Inside this
article was a painting of a pretty, young woman drilling into steel. The
article began explaining that Alice was hard at work drilling into a new plane,
for her boyfriend Eddie to fly. She remembered the house Eddie promised her
they would someday have before he left for the war; they could have that home
now if it was not for Adolf she thought. The article explained that these types
of stories are the ones that drive women to help produce planes, tanks, guns,
and ships that America was then pouring forth. During the war millions of
Americans turned their skills into wartime production. On top of this, to help
win everyone would willingly drive slower in order to save tires and gas, and
buy stamps, and war bonds as well as conserve metal, clothing, and food. It
ended with “For this is every American’s war… Alice’s, Eddie’s, yours, ours. On
one point we are all resolved: it won’t be Adolf’s” This article is encouraging
women to take war jobs to help beat Adolf. If they are unable to take a war
job, then the article suggests they drive less, buy war bonds, or conserve
household items to help end the war sooner.

The
July 19,1943 Life magazine featured a woman Air Force Pilot on the cover. An
article inside was titled, Girl Pilots, and touched base on women pilots in the
Air Force. It began by explaining that the old belief that army flying was only
for men was long gone. Every month it explained, many women finished their
training in Texas, and went to relieve fighting men for combat duty. The
article included many photographs of women studying, working hard, and dressed
up and ready to fly. This article probably encouraged many young women to up
and move to try to join the Air Force, and help with the war effort. It was a
big deal to see women relieving men for combat duty.

Another
issue of Life magazine published on August 9, 1943 included a photo of a woman
in overalls hard at work, drilling into an airplane part. The article published
inside, Women in Steel are Handling Tough Jobs in Heavy Industry, was about
just that, hardworking Rosies in the Steel industry. It began by explaining
that since the start of the war, many American women had begun to acquire jobs
that were traditionally held by men. It stated, “In 1941 only 1% of aviation employees
were women, while this year they will comprise an estimated 65% of the total”.
Included were numerous amounts of photographs of women dangerously working hard
at their factory jobs. The article explained that in the Gary steel mill, women
were working as packers and shippers, welders, crane operators, billet
operation helpers, furnace operators, tool machinists, laborers, engine
operators, draw-bench operators, electrical helpers, grinders, oilers, coil
tapers, foundry helpers, checkers, loaders, metallurgical helpers, painters,
cleaning and maintenance workers, and the list went on and on. Many women
reading this magazine were most likely influenced by this article, and stepped
up and took a war job to help with the wartime effort.

In
the September 27, 1943 Life magazine issue, there was an interesting article
titled Life Visits the Harvesters of America. This article discussed both men
and women who were working hard for their country in the agricultural sector.
The article explained that novice women workers helped to save the crops. It explained
that the US Crop Corps came together to help fill in the holes that were
missing when 3,000,000 farm workers left for war. One branch of the
organization, called the Women’s Land Army had over 50,000 members. This
article showed that women were willing to working in all sectors to help with
the war effort.

In hopes to encourage
women to step up and fill the shoes of the men of America that left for duty,
newspapers and magazines included articles and advertisements of women hard at
work in all sectors. From nurses on the home front, to riveters working in
factories, women came together and worked hard in hopes of beating Adolf, and
having their men arrive home safely. The two scholarly articles discussed
provided women’s words on the wartime effort. The first article, Rosie the
Riveter Remembers, interviewed women that worked for the war effort, and most
found their jobs in newspaper advertisements asking women to take a job, and
help with the war effort. The second article, American Women in a World at War,
looked at and discussed letters written by women during the Second World War.
This article made it clear that women told their loved ones just how proud they
were to hold a job of their own, and help the men overseas work toward winning
the war. As for the five articles discussed from magazines, the first article
was from a war nurse’s prospective, and she finally understood that she was
working for American’s to keep their way of life. The second article was a
young woman building a plane for her boyfriend in the Army to fly, to help beat
Adolf, and have him arrive home safely. The third article discussed women in
the Air Force taking over jobs of men, and helping the country significantly.
The fourth article touched upon women working in factories in bad conditions,
and unsafe working conditions to help create airplanes, cars, and other objects
needed for the men overseas. The fifth and final article discussed, spoke about
women taking jobs as harvesters for all the farmers that left to join the war,
even though they had never had any experience in farming. These women took a
stand, and chose to join a war job in hopes to help their country win the World
War. On top of this, these articles also inspired other women to do the same.
Thanks to magazines and newspapers of the time encouraging women to work, over
6 million women joined the workforce and helped to bring our countries men home
safely.